GOVERNMENT TRANSFORMATION PROGRAM (GTP) UNDER TRIANGULAR MANAGEMENT MODEL
The Government Transformation Programmed (GTP) is an effort by Malaysia's current Government to address 7 key areas concerning the people of the country. The programme was unveiled on 28 January 2010 by the Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak. and is expected to contribute in making the country a developed and high-income nation as per its Vision 2020. The Programmed was created to support the Prime Minister Dato' Sri Mohd Najib Bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak's motto of People First, Performance Now and will be implemented until 2012 as a foundation for the transformation of Malaysia.
The National Key Results Areas (NKRAs) under the GTP were identified to improve the socio-economic growth of Malaysia. One of the initial six NKRAs is Reducing Crime which is headed by Ministry Of Home Affairs, Datuk Seri Hishamuddin Tun Hussein. Each NKRA is headed by a Ministry and the Minister is subject to the Ministerial Key Result Area (MKRA), which is a direct measurement of the targets to the outcome as highlight in management science which applied from management model.
Since the implementation, several measurable key results were announced such as nationwide crime reduced, violent crime cases cleared, police station ranking and more personnel mobilized to frontline duty. Specific action plans have been laid out to achieve this goal.
The input from the programmed reducing crime under the GTP is the improvement of the operative layers of addressing crime in Malaysia and also to identify implementable initiatives that would work to reduce street and index crime, thereby creating a safer Malaysia for all.
There are several programmed that government prepare in process to reduce this problem which is badly occurring in the street and also known as street crime such as Omnipresence Programme. The programme consisting of increased police presence will now be expanded to Sabah and Sarawak in addition to the 4 states of Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Pulau Pinang and Johor which had a total of 50 hot spots. Other than that is strengthening law authority volume which is over 4,000 trained volunteers (Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia (JPAM) and Ikatan Relawan Rakyat Malaysia (RELA). There’s also the setup of public CCTV Systems which been Installed 496 closed-circuit televisions (CCTVs) in hotspots under the 1st Phase. The next phase will see the installation of another 496 CCTVs around the areas. In addition, government also provide special prosecution courts which can make the prosecution of street crimes become quicker than always and in the same time, the courts’ member can save their time to face other prosecution.
Besides that, citizen can have a safer neighborhood under the Safe Cities Programme. A testament to how an idea that developed through the GTP Labs has translated into creating a more secure environment for residential neighborhoods in the country. This initiative enable local councils tackle problems with localized initiatives, like using bollards, reflective mirrors and so on. So, the citizen can protect and rescue themselves when there are dangers passing by. In the same time, government also provides in-prison rehabilitation process which assist inmates to improve skills for post-release survival. In addition, the post-release resettlement programs are able to reduce repeat offenders like separating first-time offenders in prison from hardcore or repeat convicts to prevent the first-time offenders from becoming worse than before.
The behavioral theory also can be applied on the GTP. This theory includes the positive and negative impact from GTP to the citizen especially. Since its implementation in January 2010, the Reducing Crime NKRA has demonstrated positive outcomes by delivering an 11.1% drop in index crime and a 39.7% drop in street crime. Other than that, Taman Tun Dr. Ismail Township which was beleaguered with an average of 30 crime cases a month involving house burglaries, car break-ins and snatch thefts, was selected as a pioneer under the Safe City Programme in October 2011. While negative impact is there are a lot of operation and ambush to reduce the criminal cases which causes the government organization including safety force and cure & care service center must have to work overtime.
As the mention under management science in the management model, what can be apply in the GTP is a budget was allocated to implement simple security measures by way of upgrading home security systems, installing multiple closed-circuit television cameras within the neighborhood, increasing the brightness of the street lightings from 150 watts to 250 watts, building speed breakers and extending the crime geographic information system to the TTDI police station.
Under the able stewardship of the Home Affairs Ministry which oversees the implementation and efficacy of the Crime Reduction NKRA initiatives, this Safe City Programmed has garnered accolades among its residents and resulted in a safer community living for its residents, which is the output from the GTP. Moreover, these programmed has improve the public perception on safety and improve the performance of the criminal justice system to charge more Investigation Papers to ensure the continuous declined of the criminal cases in Malaysia.